The Salvation Army’s ministry opened in mainland China in 1916 and quickly expanded across the northern and eastern provinces until 1949, when it withdrew from the mainland. Ministry and social services were retained in Hong Kong. In 1985, at the invitation of the Yunnan Provincial Government, the SA provided disaster relief and recovery in mainland China. This opened the door to further collaborations and partnerships which resulted in a wide geographical distribution of service and a greater recognition of the organization’s presence. The below cover was issued at the 100th Anniversary of the Commencement of the Salvation Army in China. Very limited edition, made by Kinnon Covers.
The Salvation Army initiated work in Russia in 1910. After the Feburary 1917 revolution the work flourished, Russia became a distinct command and reinforcements arrived from Sweden. However, as result of the October revolution they had to be withdrawn at the end of 1918, leaving 40 Russian and Finnish officers to continue the work under extreme hardship until the Army was finally proscribed in 1923. Salvation Army activities were officially recommenced in Eastern Europe in July 1991, with the arrival of Lieut-Colonels John and Bjørg Bjartveit from Norway, beginning in Leningrad (St. Petersburg). The present cover commemorates the new beginning. Limited edition (250 ex). Source: https://www.thesalvationarmy.ru/about/history
The first country to release stamps to commemorate the Salvation Army’s work was the Netherlands Indies (or Dutch East Indies), renamed Indonesia in 1948. The work started in 1894. Like in many other countries there was fierce opposition to the work. Seven years later a disastrous flood led to the government handling over the management of a Beggars’ Colony to the SA, where the natives were taught to earn a living. A set of four charity stamps was issued in 1932 to commemorate the event. There was an add-on on the postal value to support the SA in their work. Only plain FDCs are known from this issue. (Source: Ken Daws. The world of SA stamps, 1996).
In 1984 the Salvation Army reaffirmed the Gospel of Christ and chose the slogan: “Christ – Hope of the world”. The logo was also pictured on a cachet issued by Historic Relics. In addition to a UK issue, at least two other regions/countries (Isle of Man and Zaire!!) issued the cachet with related Salvation Army stamps.
This month’s prospect is a RARE Singapore FDC. One of the stamps in the National Monuments set of 1984, the 10c stamp, depicted the House of Tan Yeok Nee, the Salvation Army HQ in Singapore. The cover was issued by the Salvation Army HQ and a few were signed the day before (!!!) the issue date by the commanding officer, with a occasion specific slogan PM. The signed & numbered cover was issued in a very limited edition, possible up to 100 covers (I’ve only seen to no. 26). This is no. 1 !!!!
Rare cover with the 100th Birthday Catherine B. Booth PM. Issued 20.07.1983 (not FDC).
The cachet is seldom seen, marked with Ramsey Philatelic Services nr. 156 and pictures hands folded in prayer. Single Isle of Man – William Booth stamp.
The San Francisco Mission corps has issued two anniversary issues, both with the SA stamp from 1965 on it. In Autumn 1965 they issued a 75th anniversary cachet and in 1990 a centenary cachet. The centenary issue had its own logo and text: “with Christ into the future”
Harry Hayes was a knowledgeable SA philatelist and was also the first editor of the SA Philatelic Circle Journal (1991 – 2005), later called the Australian and again later the International SA Philatelic & Historical Journal. His home corps was Batley Castle. In 1978 they tried to build up a building fund. To support the fund, Harry issued a few limited FDC issues of the 25th Anniversary of the Coronation of QE. A special “parachute post” slogan PM was added and the text “Issued in aid of the SA Batley Castley Building Fund”. The shown cover here was made in a very limited edition of 45 and had two prestamped QE 5p in addition to a single blue coronation stamp.
Two nice & RARE Salvation Army covers, both from the 1930s. One commemorating the founder William Booth, born 1829 and died 1912.
The other cover is an old official cachet from the Territorial Headquarter in San Francisco sent to Brigadier Doring in Germany.
The first Asian outpost was established in India, 1882, hence, the Indian centenary cachet. William Booth’s dying wish was for the Salvation Army to be established in China. In 1916 the first officers were sent. Following political difficulties by 1949 the Army withdrew from mainland but work still continued in the provinces of Hong Kong and Taiwan. The SA re-established in mainland China in 2017. The Chinese letter is really postal history; an official SA cover sent to Sweden in 1924, eight years after SA began in China!! (Ref: The Salvation Army in mainland China).
The work in Norway was officially opened in January 1888. Eight salvationist from Sweden “opened fire”. Typically for the SA, half of the group were women. The uniformed and music loving soldiers who showed their Christian faith in practice, received a mixed response, also with some unpleasant experiences. However, the work spread rapidly, and in one year there were already 10 corps in Norway.
Two centenary stamps were issued in 1988. One depicts an open air meeting and a SA band with singing soldiers in the back. A maxicard with similar motif was also issued by the SA army. The maxicard was a copy of “Attack on a fishing village”, a painting by Wilhelm Peters from 1895 (source: History of SA in Norway).
The Christian Mission began in 1865 when William Booth, a London minister, gave up the comfort of his pulpit and decided to take his message into the streets where it would reach the poor, the homeless, the hungry and the destitute. In May 1878, Booth summoned his son, Bramwell, and his good friend George Railton to read a proof of the Mission’s annual report. At the top it read: THE CHRISTIAN MISSION is A VOLUNTEER ARMY.
Bramwell strongly objected to this wording. He was not a volunteer: he was compelled to do God’s work. So, in a flash of inspiration, Booth crossed out ‘Volunteer’ and wrote ‘Salvation’. The Salvation Army was born. Two stamp issues commemorate the SA name; the Monaco & Jamaica 1978 issues [Source: Our History].